What is saffron? (Introduction to red gold)
Bahraman saffron in Iran with its scientific name (Crocus sativus) is a plant from the lily group.
Saffron is used as a spice in cooking.
The crimson stigma and cream of the saffron flower is collected and then dried; It is also used for seasoning and coloring food.
For years, this product has been used as the most expensive spice in the world.
The historical roots of this plant are in Iran, and in the 21st century, it produces more than 90% of the world’s saffron. Iran is the largest exporter of saffron and China is the largest importer.
The global value of this product is 275.84 million dollars.
What is saffron onion?
Saffron is a bulbous plant with light purple flowers that is planted in temperate regions; The bottom of the saffron stem has a ridge, and this ridge is the onion.
The stigma of its branch is reddish-orange and fragrant, and it is these threads that are sold under the name of saffron.
This plant is mostly found in Kaynat and Kerman.
In terms of quality, Qaynat ranks first and Kerman ranks second.
Its flower threads are similar to saffron or safflower, which is very fragrant and dark reddish yellow without thorns.
At the time of growth, first its flower grows from the ground, and then its stem and leaves.
History of saffron
Crocus sativus is commonly known as saffron.
Raw materials are one of the most valuable spices in the world and have been used by humans for centuries.
Egyptian doctors used it to treat digestive system diseases.
Also, in ancient Roman times, this plant was used to heal wounds and relieve respiratory problems.
What is the nature of saffron?
Is saffron hot or cold? According to documented sources in Iranian medicine, the nature of saffron is hot and dry. Its degree of warmth is two and its degree of dryness is one.